Its Jade Rabbit rover managed the first "soft landing" since 1976 on Saturday and is on a three-month mission in search of natural resources.
Scientists burst into applause as a computer-generated image representing the Chang'e 3 spacecraft carrying the solar-powered robot was seen touching down via screens in Beijing.
China has now taken a big step towards becoming a global player in space.
Its aim is to put a man on the moon by 2025.
Image: © Getty
Copyright is owned by Asia Outlook and/or Outlook Publishing. All rights reserved.